Can having an abortion cause infertility? Will it ruin the reproductive health of women? These are a few of the questions that women have been asking themselves. Is abortion really that serious? Termination of pregnancies is recommended by doctors themselves when those particular pregnancies are more prone to causing harm to the mental or physical of the mothers. It is also recommended when there is an increased chance of mortality of the fetus. Normally, a mother’s life is prioritized over a child who is not born yet. Therefore, in the middle of saving the health of the mother, often the child who was being ready to see the outer world gets compromised.
This is not a one-in-a-million case when worldwide pregnancies are considered, 1 in 4 pregnancies end in abortion a year. The reason behind abortion may be varied, however, it is the responsibility of the government to ensure safe and legal abortion services to their women. In the United States, “abortion rights” is one of the hotly contested topics. However, abortion is of high significance and people should be made aware of the process and its aftereffects.In this article, we are going to discuss the chances of infertility after abortion.
But before that, would you mind if we share a brief note about an abortion? Although you might not be new to the term, this might benefit you in gaining some new information today. So, continue reading to learn more about abortion.
What Is An Abortion?
An abortion is a doctor’s recommended medical procedure that terminates a pregnancy. People often misunderstand an abortion for ectopic pregnancy, whereas an ectopic pregnancy is a condition where a fetus is grown outside the uterus which eventually ends up in an abortion.
Only in rare cases do they complete 3 trimesters outside the uterus. Usually, abortions take place after the occurrence of unplanned or unwanted pregnancy.
In some cases, couples change their decision after counseling, but in others, abortion might be the only way out. This happens more for rape victims. The process of abortion is not complicated as it seems. Mainly there are two types of abortions such as medical abortion and surgical abortion. The suitable ones are recommended by the doctors after finding the duration of the pregnancy.
Some women undergo multiple abortions and still get pregnant and other women do not get pregnant or whose pregnancy doesn’t last longer. This paved way for the question of whether or not abortion affects fertility.
What Is Infertility?
Infertility is a distressing condition that affects both genders. It prevents them from being able to procreate or have children. This is one of the most common conditions faced by people around the globe and therefore World Health Organization has declared infertility as a global health condition.
Anybody would wish to be fertile when they reach a point in life where they will leave behind everything to get themselves a child. However, not everybody is blessed enough to experience parenthood. While there are various causes for infertility, some believe that abortion is one of the major reasons behind the condition. So, let’s see how true is that.
Does Abortion Cause Infertility?
No. Abortion is simply not capable of causing infertility as it has nothing to do with your reproductive health. In some cases, multiple abortions may increase the chance of your next baby being born earlier than expected. But, other than this, no other complications are expected from an abortion.
Having multiple abortions may be dangerous to your health, but science has so far not proven its impact on infertility. However, if you develop a womb infection after your abortion, then it might be a cause of decreased fertility. This is because such infections are more contagious that they might spread to ovaries and fallopian tubes resulting in a well-known condition termed as a pelvic inflammatory disease (PID).
Sometimes, abortions may also end up in intraamniotic infection. PID is a common cause of infertility and ectopic pregnancy. But normally, infections caused by abortions are detected before it ends up causing any risk.
What Is To Be Done When You Experience Signs Of Infection After Abortion?
Following an abortion, you must strictly keep an eye on your period cycle, amount of blood flow, duration of menstruation, and abdominal pain as these are the common symptoms of infections after an abortion. Lower back pain, a feeling of being sick, fever, foul-smelling vaginal discharge, and bleeding after sex are the other possible signs of such infections. When you notice any of these, make sure to get medical advice as soon as possible.
How To Treat Your Post-Abortion Infections?
Abortions that cause infections are commonly referred to as septic abortions. Mainly, septic abortions are treated with antibiotic therapy. A broad spectrum of antibiotics is used to heal the infection.
According to a study conducted by Cochrane Fertility Regulation Group, clindamycin, a well-known drug used to treat infections, alone would not suffice the treatment and they also discovered that cephalothin plus kanamycin was better than penicillin plus chloramphenicol for treating women with septic abortion.
Therefore, a combination of multiple antibiotics is recommended by several scientists to treat the condition.
Infertility is a concerning condition that has been gaining global attention lately. While there are several causes for infertility such as sexually transmitted diseases, broken or damaged fallopian tubes, polycystic ovarian syndrome, endometriosis, lowered sperm count, erectile dysfunction, and others, people often mistake abortion for a cause of infertility.
Although it is only a myth, it is still partially true, because, in rare cases, abortion results in serious infections in the uterine wall, fallopian tubes, and other reproductive organs which eventually cause infertility when not treated on time. In short, make sure that you get proper care after an abortion, and when experiencing difficulties, you should immediately consider consulting a doctor. This way, you can preserve your fertility.