The levels of SGPT and SGOT in your body are crucial as it the vital enzymes required for energy production. But does that mean the higher the levels of SGPT and SGOT, the better? Certainly, not. Excess amounts of these enzymes can be dangerous for your health and it is often an indication of serious ailments concerned with the liver.
The liver is responsible to carry out several functions including protein synthesis, digestion, detoxification, and metabolism. With that being said, the significance of a healthy liver is understandable. The Liver contributes to one’s overall health. It carries out multiple roles in perfection such as the storing of fat-soluble vitamins iron, and copper, managing cholesterol homeostasis, breaking down of heme, formation of conjugated bilirubin, removing waste products, creating essential nutrients, producing cholesterol and bile, regulating blood sugar levels, and others. It is a vital organ in the human body, performing around 500 functions.
So, can your body afford it when its key organ like the liver is damaged? Of course not. In this article, we are going to discuss the role of SGPT and SGOT and the ways by which they can be reduced. But, before that, let us tell you what SGPT and SGOT are.
What are SGPT and SGOT?
SGPT (Serum Glutamic-Pyruvic Transaminase) and SGOT (Serum Glutamic- Oxaloacetic Transaminase) are two different enzymes produced by the liver. The levels of these enzymes found in organs other than the liver are called ALT and AST respectively.
When any reason leads to liver damage, these enzymes leak out of the boundary of the liver into the bloodstream leading to increased levels of both SGPT and SGOT in the blood. This is why the levels of these enzymes are important to analyze while taking a blood test. The increased amount of these enzymes in the bloodstream often indicates abnormalities in the liver. Usually, the levels of SGPT and SGOT increase in individuals who consume excess amounts of alcohol, or those who take certain medications. Liver conditions like liver cancer or viral hepatitis might also cause the levels of SGPT and SGOT to increase. Furthermore, obese individuals are also likely to have increased levels of SGPT and SGOT in the bloodstream.
Normal Range of SGPT and SGOT Levels
SGPT and SGOT levels raise concerns when they cross the normal range. The following are the normal ranges of SGPT and SGOT:
- SGPT- 7 to 56 units/liter
- SGOT- 5 to 40 units/liter
How to Reduce SGPT and SGOT Levels?
There are a lot of things that you can do to maintain or even reduce the levels of SGPT and SGOT in your body. Below mentioned are the three steps to be taken to reduce the levels of SGPT and SGOT:
1. Lifestyle Changes
- Quit Smoking- Everybody knows how toxic is smoking. It contains powerful chemicals such as ammonia and nicotine. As the liver is meant to expel dirt, it filters these toxins, leading to increased levels of SGPT and SGOT. Therefore, you may quit this bad habit to ensure that your liver is not overworking. After all, quitting smoking not only benefits your liver, but also provides overall health by encouraging the health of your heart, hair, nail, kidneys, lungs, and skin.
- Stop Alcohol Consumption- Excess consumption of alcohol will certainly lead to fatal conditions like liver damage or cancer in the internal organs. This occurs when a greater quantity of toxins enter your body through alcohol, allowing the liver to filter them out. In the beginning, your liver might carry out its function with ease. But, eventually, your liver is also tired of working and it will slowly start to malfunction. You may have more SGPT and SGOT in your bloodstream if your liver doesn’t filter enough impurities.
- Get Aerobic Exercises- Combining aerobic exercise with efforts to lower liver fat and liver enzymes will be more effective. You may have more SGPT and SGOT in your bloodstream if your liver doesn’t filter enough impurities. SGPT and SGOT levels will begin to decline within 2-3 months of doing this at least 3 times a week. If you smoke or drink too much, exercise will not produce the desired results.
- Lose Weight- If the abnormality in the liver is caused by your obesity, then you better work hard to shed a few pounds. Obese people are more likely to have fatty liver which will reduce and expel more amount liver enzymes, leading to increased levels of SGPT and SGOT levels in your body. You can also incorporate a healthy diet by taking the suggestions of your dietician.
2. Diet Modifications
- Include Fiber-Rich Food- Your liver must be able to cleanse itself to function properly. However, your food habit interferes with the self-cleansing process of the liver as it cannot engage in purification activities unless you are taking high sugar or processed food. All you have to do is incorporate organic food into your diet. Try to eat homely cooked food items to ensure you are not letting chemicals enter your body through your food. In addition to it, look for fiber-rich food like whole grains, lentils, and beans. You may also consume anti-oxidant-rich food like potatoes, blueberries, avocado, and beetroot. Eventually, you will be able to regain the health of your liver.
- Consume Less Salt- Overconsumption of salt may lead to liver swelling, making it hard for the liver to filter waste. This might lead to liver damage and increased levels of SGPT and SGOT in the body. A[Approximately, your body only requires a teaspoon of sodium per day. So, control your habit of adding salt to each of your meals as it might cause harm to your liver and your body.
- Reduce the Intake of Oily Food- Oily and fatty foods have always been a threat to the smooth function of the liver. This is because oily foods abstain the liver from processing nutrients.
3. Medical Treatment
A blood test can often detect the levels of SGPT and SGOT in the bloodstream. Once you have acute liver damage, you should try to reduce the amount of liver enzymes leaked into your bloodstream. Hence, consult a doctor immediately who can recommend suitable corticosteroids to help you recover from your condition.
However, never consider over-the-counter drugs as they might end up causing additional damage to your liver, making your health even more miserable.
SGPT and SGOT levels are always meant to be normal, and if they are not, then you are supposed to make them normal by adjusting your lifestyle accordingly. You should first start by quitting bad habits like smoking and consuming alcohol. This play an elevated role in damaging your body as a whole. Incorporating regular exercise, and a healthy along with eliminating bad habits might help achieve the desired outcome in less than 3 months.
In a nutshell, reducing the levels of SGPT and SGOT is not rocket science. Anyone can do it if they have a strong determination.